1 month: revitalization complex
The baby is becoming more and more like children from the cover of glossy magazines. Postpartum puffiness disappears, the skin straightens, most of the transient conditions of the skin of the newborn pass (toxic erythema, infant acne, milia, physiological jaundice).
By one month, the child himself forms a kind of regimen. His periods of wakefulness, food, and sleep are already quite clearly distinguished. The kid is active for about 40-60 minutes, after which he quickly gets tired and falls asleep.
Children at this age do not distinguish between day and night. They have not yet developed their circadian rhythms. Remember that the baby’s stomach is too small and can quickly digest breast milk or formula. That is why the baby can wake up at night every 2-3 hours.
If you are lucky and the child sleeps for more than three hours in a row at night, then you do not need to wake him up for feeding (if there is no medical indication for this). If the baby wakes up at night and does not want to fall asleep again after feeding, then you can play with him, but do not turn on the light. So in due course he will get used to distinguish night-day.
In addition, a child, like an adult, has two phases of sleep. And in monthly children, the phase of superficial sleep prevails over deep, so they can easily wake up.
The baby’s gastrointestinal tract has already adapted to a new type of nutrition. Even if he still has infantile colic, then you already realized that this condition is self-passing and you need to survive it. For the first month, children gain an average of 600-1000 g in weight. Someone can gain more, and someone less, but it is important to understand that weight gain must be mandatory.
With breastfeeding, feeding on demand is still preserved, but the baby is already learning to form its own regimen.
Remember that the baby can swallow air while feeding. If he fell asleep on his chest, then there is no need to wake him up and wear a column. The kid burps the air when he wakes up.
If the baby receives the mixture, then he needs to be fed on his hands at an angle of about 450 so that he can let out air during feeding. In this case, you also do not need to keep the children in a column after feeding, it is better if they will be in their arms for some time at an angle of 450.
What can a child
♦ Humming appears. He learns to make sounds other than crying.
♦ Able to fix your eyes on bright contrasting objects, and best of all – on your face.
♦ Is able to distinguish mother from all other adults.
♦ Holds his head for several seconds in a position on his stomach.
♦ Actively moves arms and legs. By the end of the month, physiological hypertonicity begins to go away.
The baby is already learning to smile in response to your smile or just when you are bending over it. He tries to copy your facial expressions, and sometimes he even succeeds. The more often you smile, the more smiles you get in return.
Independent conscious child movements are just beginning to take shape. Lying on his stomach, he already knows how to hold his head for a few seconds, but then again rests in his bed. If you keep it upright, then he also knows how to keep his head well.
Active movement during wakefulness contributes to the faster development of the baby. Therefore, during the wakefulness of the child, it is not necessary to swaddle him in any case. Laying on the stomach on a fairly rigid surface contributes to the development of motor abilities of children.
How to play with baby
The child already knows how to keep his attention on bright objects and toys. May not keep track of moving objects. The game time at this age is about 2-3 minutes.
You can move a bright toy close to the child’s eyes so that he holds it in sight. You can simply make faces and watch his reaction. Sometimes you can bring the child to the mirror and watch how he reacts to his reflection.
What does the child feel
All children are empaths. And the younger the child, the stronger his relationship with his mother, the clearer he captures all her emotions. Try to smile at your baby as often as possible, give him your positive mood, and he will answer you the same.
The child is interested in the world around. He already recognizes his mother, and a whole complex of reactions can arise on her approach – a smile, voice manifestation of emotions, motor revitalization (the baby unbends arms and legs). In full, the revitalization complex is being formed by the 2nd month.
The baby still cannot see pastel colors, therefore, when choosing toys or furniture for the nursery, follow the principle of bright colors. They will help develop his ability to distinguish colors.
What the child hears and understands
When a baby is born, the sounds for him begin to sound very clear and bright. The child likes to listen to your voice. Try to talk more with him: when you stand in line at the store, cook dinner or walk along the street. Even when you are talking with someone else, the child receives a valuable lesson and begins to babble in response. Thus, you create the prerequisites for his first words.