3 weeks: reaction to sounds
Although the baby’s movements are still jerky, he is already learning to control his body. He grabs your fingers and tries to pull himself up. Holds his head for several seconds when lying on his stomach. Some children in three weeks can hold their head for 10-15 seconds, turn it from side to side, but then they get tired and lie down again.
Usually, an umbilical wound heals by this age. However, with a sufficiently wide umbilical cord, the umbilical wound can heal even closer to the age of 1 month. This is normal. Most importantly, there should be no purulent discharge or blood from it.
Remember that you need to spread a three-week-old baby on the stomach when he is awake. Sleeping on the stomach increases the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Therefore, he should sleep on his back.
Spending time on the stomach facilitates infant colic, teaches the child to hold his head, and reduces the risk of flattening bones of the head. Bones in babies are very soft and with prolonged lying on their heads in one position can flatten, deforming the skull.
What can a child
Raises his head while lying on his stomach. Some children may hold it for a few seconds.
♦ Captures the look on your face. For the baby, it is so far the most interesting.
♦ 3 weeks – the time of the appearance of the first conscious smile.
♦ Listens to sounds and makes mother’s voice stand out from everyone else.
♦ Starts making his first sounds (not counting crying).
♦ Adapts to the position of your body when you hold it in your hands.
Sight and hearing
During wakefulness, the baby increasingly examines the world around him. He can already fix his eyes on bright contrasting pictures and your face.
The active wakefulness of the baby lasts about 30-60 minutes. And it can be used for a long enough time for the benefit of both of you. For example, sing songs to him or tell tales.
The child can actively respond to the mother’s voice, because he is familiar to him from birth. In response to Mom’s voice and smile, he can smile or walk. The baby already knows how to listen to unfamiliar sounds. However, the monotonous sound does not distract him at all. That is why extraneous noise does not wake him during sleep.
The amount of sleep, compared with the newborn, is markedly reduced. The child before and after feeding is actively awake, looking at the world around him.
It is very important in a dream of a three-week-old child that it is wakefulness. It is approximately 30-60 minutes (an average of about 30-40 minutes). Many parents think that if the baby is not allowed to sleep longer, then he will fall asleep faster and sleep longer. But this is not so.
The nervous system of the child is not yet ready for any overloads, it is easily overexcited, and sleep in this state becomes restless, often interrupted. And the baby is naughty. Therefore, it is very important for a healthy baby sleep to observe the regime and time of wakefulness. That is, if the baby does not sleep for an hour, then you need to try to lay him.
By the third week of a child’s life, mother’s lactation is usually already established. She learned to recognize and distinguish the baby’s hungry cry from all other causes of his concern. And then suddenly the feeling comes that the child is not enough milk. He became restless at the chest, began to cry more often. If before he fell asleep on his chest or simply calmed down after eating, now it’s not so easy to calm him down. Do not panic, this is the first lactational crisis. And most importantly, it is not for long and it is fixable.
What to do if you have a lactation crisis?
1. More often put the baby to the chest. The more often and more the baby will suck out the breast, the more milk the mother will have.
2. Have more rest. Peace for a nursing mother is very important. No “useful teas for lactation” and the like drugs can replace rest. During this period, take it as a rule: the child is sleeping – the mother is sleeping.
3. Do not limit yourself in liquid and food (protein is especially important).
Your task is to survive this crisis and keep breastfeeding.
The frequency of feeding the baby during this period is approximately 10-12 times (sometimes more often).
The baby can periodically spit up. At least 1 episode of regurgitation from birth to 3 months is present in half of the children. If the child does not vomit often and at the same time gains weight well, then there is nothing wrong with this (this phenomenon is called uncomplicated reflux).
Uncomplicated reflux does not require treatment and examination, it goes away on its own. This is a physiological feature of infants. They have a short esophagus and a very small amount of stomach. By 10 months, more than half of the children regurgitation ceases. By the age of 18 months, 80%, and by 2 years, 98% of children. If the symptoms do not decrease by one and a half to two years or even increase, then the child should be shown to the pediatrician.
Baby Blues or Postpartum Depression
In addition to problems with lactation, mom may have another one at this time – the so-called “Baby Blues” or postpartum depression. Unfortunately, this is not a myth or a fiction of young mothers.