2 weeks: intestinal colic
By the second week, the child recovers the weight lost in the first week. By the end of the week, physiological jaundice of newborns is already passing.
Infants are born short-sighted, therefore only a baby is seen that is very close, at a distance of no more than 20-25 cm. A newborn can see your face clearly only when you hold it very close. Do not be surprised that he does not look you in the eye – he is much more interested in looking at your eyebrows, hair or moving mouth.
In the first month, a recognition process takes place. Studies show that children prefer human faces to all patterns and colors. In second place are high-contrast (black and white) large simple patterns.
In addition, the newborn can look with crossed eyes or squint, which is also normal for his age. This is due to the physiological weakness of the muscles of the eye. The child grows up and the look ceases to be “floating”. During feeding, move your head from side to side and pay attention to whether the baby’s eyes follow you. This is a great exercise to focus your eyes and strengthen your eye muscles.
Infants are very sensitive to light and can see in three dimensions. Notice when you bring something to the face of the child, it blinks.
Newborns have more bones than adults
A two-week-old baby has about 300 bones, and adults have 206. The reason is that in the process of ossification, which can last months and years after birth, some bones fuse together. For example, the cranial bones in newborns represent individual bony areas that connect at about two years of age.
What can a child
The two-week-old baby has already begun to get used to this huge world. In the second week of life, the newborn begins to listen to new sensations. For example, when a child is worried, he can be distracted by a ringing toy, he listens to the sound. The kid calms down easier to the sound of your voice or song.
Also, the child begins to see bright toys. He still does not distinguish colors well, but already knows how to follow the smooth movements of bright objects that are a short distance from his eyes.
If you shake the baby or just walk around in his arms, he will also listen to new sensations of movement in space. This is a kind of training of the vestibular apparatus. Over time, it is the vestibular apparatus that will help maintain the body in space and, accordingly, crawl, walk, run, spin, and perform many other more complex actions.
Sleep and food
A two-week-old baby eats more actively and longer than when he was born. The volume of his stomach in two weeks increases by about 10-15 times compared with a newborn and about 2 times compared with a child in 1 week of life. Now his stomach volume is 80-130 ml. That is why the baby may ask for an order of magnitude less than before. On average, food breaks are 1.5-2 hours during the day and 3-4 hours at night.
There are children who already at this age sleep about 6 hours at night without waking up. But at the same time, it is recommended that all mothers who breastfeed should maintain at least one nightly feeding (from about 2 to 4 am), since it is at night that more prolactin hormone is produced, which supports breastfeeding.
The child’s wakefulness is increasing. He can be awake for about 30-40 minutes. This is a great time to chat and play with mom.
Two weeks after birth is the most common time for the onset of infant colic in term babies, in premature babies they may begin a bit later. Colic occurs in about 20-25% of children. Their occurrence does not depend on the type of feeding. Studies have not shown a difference in the incidence of this condition in children with breast, artificial or mixed feeding.
There is a so-called “rule of triples” (in the original “Rule of Threes”).
If the problem:
develops during the first three weeks of life,
lasts three hours a day or more,
repeated at least three days a week,
lasts at least three weeks,
disappears at the age of about three months,
it’s most likely infantile colic. Moreover, in between episodes of crying, the child feels and behaves absolutely normal. Colic can be at any time of the day, but usually this time after 6 pm and until midnight.
The exact causes of infant colic are unknown. This is an immature nervous system, and swallowing air during feeding, and the formation of microflora of the intestines of the baby, and anxious parents. However, it is still not clear why some children have colic, while others do not.
Treatment for infant colic involves primarily organizational issues. To date, medicines for infant colic have not yet been invented. All medicines presented on the market today as a “cure for infant colic” are nothing more than a placebo and often unsafe.