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4 months: tactile sensations
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10 months: learning to walk

The baby can already confidently sit and sit on its own. Able to get up at the support, walk along it and even let go of his hand and stand for a few seconds. Many children in 10-11 months begin to take their first steps, but do not worry if your baby does not make such attempts. Many learn to walk only in the second year of life. Most healthy babies begin to walk independently by the age of 15 months.

The child knows how to capture small objects, trying to take food from your plate. Maintain his independence, but make sure that the game and food are safe. Fine motor skills are beginning to form. Try to develop it through games.

A baby’s sleep at 10 months can be restless and intermittent. Some children scream and cry in their sleep, but quickly calm down as soon as mom enters the room or simply picks them up. This is due to fear of separation. This is a normal stage of development of the psyche of the child.

Psychology
The child begins to understand verbal instructions: “give”, “on”, “bring”, “no” or “not allowed”. Try to set reasonable and rare bans. Frequent bans will not have the price and weight for it. The kid begins to form a causal relationship. Now he can already coordinate movement and thought. That is, often his movements are focused.

In some children, a hand preference is already beginning to take shape, while others, on the contrary, act with both hands and their hand preference is formed a little later. If you notice that your child prefers to act with his left hand, in no case do not retrain him to act with his right hand. Most likely, he is just a southpaw.

Skills
♦ Knows how to sit down and sit for a long time.

♦ Can independently stand at a support or even move along it.

♦ Engages the toys as intended: rolls the machine, pushes the ball, puts the cubes in a bucket, puts a toy phone to the ear.

♦ A “Tweezer grip” is formed, that is, a grip with two fingers (thumb and forefinger).

♦ Targeted with both hands.

♦ Responds to simple verbal instructions: “Give”, “On”.

Support established sleep rituals now: bathing, light massage, song or fairy tale – all this will prepare the baby for sleep and make it easier to fall asleep. If the baby wakes up at night, a light pat on the back and a soft whisper that his mother will calm him down and he will sleep further.

How to play
Continue playing games with objects. For example, boys and girls love to ride cars. All kinds of sorters will help you learn to coordinate hand movements with the task and will help in the study of geometric shapes. Start with the circle for now.

Remember that praise, with the right action, will consolidate the success of achieving the goal. A child will readily learn new things if he sees sincere joy from accomplishment.

What feels and how it behaves
The child already sees small objects very well. So, for example, you can notice how diligently the baby tries to pick up a small speck from the carpet or, for example, tries to grab a small detail on a toy. He can take a long time to look at the pictures in the book you are reading, especially if this book is familiar to him.

The child has a large gamut of emotions from joy to anger, and in the future the number of shades of emotions will only increase.

How speech develops
A child can use a few words, but in most cases onomatopoeia remains. If by 1 year the baby has at least 1 full word (mom, dad, necessary) and it denotes a specific object or action, then with the development of your child everything is in order and there is no reason to worry.

How to educate
At 10 months, introduce the child to the word “no” or “not allowed”. Start building boundaries. Do not overdo the prohibitions, otherwise he will not perceive them. If you can’t touch an object (for example, a vase), then try to remove it away so that the baby cannot reach.

If a child does nothing dangerous, then there is no sense in total prohibitions. Nothing terrible will happen if he chews paper or licks a table leg. So he learns the world and, in particular, understands that there are solid objects, but there are not really – this is one way to gain experience.

Remember that prohibitions must be constant and consistent. If you can’t do something, then you can’t do it tomorrow, and after a week, and even if you cry thoroughly, it won’t change the decision. So the baby will be easier to get used to the boundaries of what is permitted.

Leave the potty training attempts at a later time. To date, early accustoming to the pot is not recommended. The child is not yet able to identify discomfort with what he wants to use the toilet; he cannot yet show it.

As a rule, the discomfort of having to cope with natural needs arises in the baby a few seconds before he does it. More and more children suffer from psychological constipation, which are formed in response to early accustoming to the pot.

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